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        旺旺首頁 > 英語 > VOA美國之音 > 相關資源 > VOA Special English 基本詞匯
        更新時間:2004/11/21

        PARTS OF SPEECH

        n. (noun) - a name word

        v. (verb) - an action word 

        ad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing word 

        prep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relation 

        pro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a noun 

        conj. (conjunction) - a joining word 


         
        A

        a (an) - ad. one; any; each

        able - v. having the power to do something 

        about - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the
        weather.") 

        above - ad. at a higher place 

        accept - v. to agree to receive 

        accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 

        accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
        against someone 

        across - ad. from side to side; to the other side 

        act - v. to do something 

        activist - n. one who seeks change through action 

        actor - n. someone acting in a play or show 

        add - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to say more 

        administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
        president or prime minister 

        admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
        responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 

        adult - n. a grown person 

        advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 

        affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
        performance.") 

        afraid - ad. feeling fear

        after - ad. later; behind 

        again - ad. another time; as before 

        against - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with something 

        age - n. how old a person or thing is

        agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
        Nations") 

        aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
        borders 

        ago - ad. of time past; before now 

        agree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to do something 

        agriculture - n. farming 

        aid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistance 

        aim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purpose 

        air - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we
        breathe 

        air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 

        airplane - n. a vehicle with wings that flies 

        airport - n. a place where airplanes take off and land 

        album - n. a collection of recorded music 

        alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
        industrial products 

        alive - ad. having life; not dead 

        all - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amount 

        ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 

        almost - ad. a little less than completely 

        alone - ad. separated from others 

        along - ad. near or on ("along the road") 

        already - ad. before now; even now 

        also - ad. added to; too 

        although - conj. even if it is true that 

        always - ad. at all times; every time 

        ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
        government) 

        amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 

        ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 

        among - ad. in or part of (a group) 

        amount - n. the number, size or weight of anything 

        anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 

        ancestor - n. a family member from the past 

        ancient - ad. very old; long ago 

        and - conj. also; in addition to; with 

        anger - n. a strong emotion against someone or something 

        animal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat 

        anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
        past

        announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 

        another - ad. one more; a different one 

        answer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make a statement after being
        asked a question 

        any - ad. one or more of no special kind 

        apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
        responsibility 

        appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
        somebody for help 

        appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 

        appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 

        approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 

        archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 

        area - n. any place or part of it 

        argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 

        arms - n. military equipment; weapons 

        army - n. military ground forces 

        around - ad. on every side (of) 

        arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 

        arrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip 

        art - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or
        statues 

        artillery - n. big guns 

        as - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; while 

        ash - n. the part left after something burns 

        ask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask the teacher questions
        every day.") 

        assist - v. to help 

        astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 

        astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 

        asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
        country 

        at - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon") 

        atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 

        attach - v. to tie together; to connect 

        attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 

        attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 

        attend - v. to be present at 

        automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 

        autumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winter 

        average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 

        avoid - v. to stay away from 

        awake - ad. not sleeping

        award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 

        away - ad. not near 

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